-双减政策 高考英语「2022年高考英语最新热点时文阅读双减政策」

双减政策 高考英语「2022年高考英语最新热点时文阅读双减政策」

题型

主要内容

1

阅读

理解

介绍了我国现行义务教育阶段推行的旨在为学生减负的“双减”政策

2

阅读

理解

介绍“双减”政策落地的原因、政策规定及家长反应

3

七选五

介绍了中国政府颁布的“双减”政策和政策实施后的效果

4

语法

填空

中国的“双减”政策实行后,贵州省遵义市新建镇大水小学的学生成立了摇滚乐队来实现他们的音乐梦想

01

(2021·宁夏·银川一中高一期中)

Primary school and junior-high school students and their parents across the country have seen some changes since the new school year started on September 1st. Students have less homework, and their parents no longer need to correct the homework of their children. At the same time, the number of after-school tutoring institutions (课外辅导机构) for primary and junior-high school students is reducing. These changes are the results of national guidelines to ease the burden (负担) of excessive (过度的) homework and off-campus tutoring for students during the nine years of compulsory education (义务教育). Known as the “double reduction” policy (双减政策), the guidelines were issued at the end of July, and took effect this semester.

The policy is an important step in China’s boosting of more well-rounded education practices. In addition to providing compulsory education, China is also working to develop an education system that enables young people to create a moral, intellectual, physical and mental grounding. China’s education system had become increasingly exam-oriented (应试教育) in recent decades due to the desire of achieving high scores in high school and the college entrance examination. It contributed to an excessive burden on primary and junior-high school students.

The policy of easing study burden aims to help education recover its essential purpose with schooling as the cornerstone of the system, social education as the supplement and family education as the foundation, so as to better educate talents for the country.

The policy may bring back well-rounded education; however, the motivation to receive and offer exam-oriented learning will last as long as exam scores remain the standard of entry to high schools and colleges. There is still a long way to go for China to change from exam-oriented to well-rounded education.

1.What change has taken place since this September?

A.Students have no homework.

B.Parents have to correct homework.

C.After-school tutoring institutions disappear.

D.The burden of students become less.

2.What is well-rounded education?

A.An education to develop students in many ways.

B.An education to encourage students to achieve high scores.

C.An education to train students to deal with exams.

D.An education to put young students’ health in danger.

3.What is the author’s writing purpose?

A.To welcome the new policy.

B.To introduce the new policy.

C.To support the new policy.

D.To question the new policy.

4.Where can the text be found?

A.In a text book.

B.In a novel.

C.In an education magazine.

D.In a diary.

02

(2022·江苏无锡·高二期末)

Sun Ruifeng, a mother in Beijing, changed some of her plans for her 8-year-old son’s summer vacation. She looked for an English tutoring course, but in the end, she changed it to a swimming training class. “Due to the stricter regulations (章程) on Subject-tutoring classes, many parents like me choose sports or other projects for developing interests instead,” Sun said.

Sun’s choice is part of the result of the government’s growing efforts to lighten the academic pressure on young students. On July 24, Chinese authorities introduced a guideline to ease the burden of too much homework and off-campus tutoring for primary and junior high school students. It lists requirements in areas such as reducing the amount and the difficulty of homework and improving the quality of education and after-class services provided by schools. For example, homework for children below the third grade is not allowed, while homework for junior high school students should take no longer than 90 minutes to finish.

According to the guideline, tutoring institutions (辅导机构) cannot teach students content that is too advanced for the school curriculum (课程). No tutoring courses can be taught on weekends, national holidays or during winter and summer vacations. The moves aim to bring education back as public welfare and guide the educational training industry to focus on improving students’ all-round quality, Chen Xianzhe, a professor at South China Normal University, told Xinhua.

According to Global Times, more than 75 percent of Chinese urban children, from grade 1 to grade 12, are enrolled (报名参加) in tutoring programs. However, some training institutions take part in anxiety marketing, selling unnecessary programs that increase the burden on students. This has led to many social problems such as students’ falling levels of physical fitness, more mental health problems and huge family costs, said Chu Zhaohui, a senior researcher with the National Institute of Education Sciences.

Many parents showed their support for the new moves. “Subject learning is enough at school and we hope to improve the children’s overall quality of life during holidays,” a parent in Guangzhou told Xinhua. However, there are also some concerns. Another parent in Shanxi said that although she agreed with the new moves, she worried about what her son would do after school if both parents have no time to be with him.

According to the guideline, primary and middle schools are asked to offer after school services, including homework tutoring, sports, arts, reading and interest groups.

5.What is the function of the first paragraph?

A.To introduce a topic.

B.To explain a reason.

C.To give an example.

D.To make a suggestion.

6.What leads to Sun Ruifeng’s choice?

A.Her concern for her son’s health.

B.Schools’ reduced requirements for grades.

C.Her son’ passion for after-school activities.

D.The government’s effort to reduce academic pressure.

7.According to the guideline, what are tutoring institutions allowed to do?

A.Design courses intended for students’ all-round quality.

B.provide tutoring programs increasing students’ pressure.

C.Teach students content far ahead of the school schedule.

D.Offer students courses on weekends and summer vacation.

8.What benefits will the guideline bring in the long term?

A.Some families will not spend money educating their children.

B.The subjects in school will be more popular among students.

C.Students will be physically and mentally healthier than before.

D.Parents won’t be worried about their kids’ academic performances.

03

(2022·北京密云·高三期末)

Kids Do More Sports After Tutoring Ban

China Central Television reported that 33,000 arts and sports stores were launched in just over a month after the government published its “Double Reduction” document in late July.____9____

The government tutoring restriction is supposed to help improve the health of young people. Some China’s school children are short-sighted and nearly one in five between the ages of 6-17 is overweight or obese, National Health Commission data show. ____10____ The government has also promised to “gradually increase” the score of sports in the senior high school entrance exam.

Schools are taking action to provide a variety of PE classes and clubs for children. Some schools are providing ice and snow sports optional courses for students. ____11____ Every Wednesday afternoon children wearing boxing gloves and shin guards sweat in the club as they punch and kick pads held by teachers in a school in east Beijing. It has been teaching children martial arts such as Thai boxing since 2018. Now it has provided regular classes such as wrestling, swimming and skating.

____12____ Sitting on a couch in the reception area in a public park, Mr. Liu waits for her seven-year-old son when his son is playing basketball with classmates. A 39-year-old mother, who accompanies her son to the park nearby jogging every Sunday after his son finishes homework shortly after the company that provided his math tuition was shut down. “My son and I can jog three times a week unless he’s sick.” she said. And she thinks it is beneficial to their health and gives her more time to communicate with her child.

Parents hold positive attitudes towards the new policy. China’s Tiger moms used to find classes after school to give our children an advantage in the intensely competitive education. ____13____ They believe children can’t be too weak if the nation has a strong desire to be strong. Children will be more and more strong both physically and mentally to adapt to their future study and career.

A.But now they aren’t enrolling their children just to give them something to do.

B.The Double Reduction policy also gives students time for exercise after school.

C.Some children are addicted to the video games and have no time to do homework.

D.Parents are busy enrolling their children to all kinds of classes after school to improve their scores.

E.So the government plans to get almost 20 million more people to participate in regular exercises within five years.

F.Some schools are organizing a variety of sports games like rope-skipping game, basketball, badminton, volleyball game and so on.

G.It banned academic tutoring during weekends and holidays and ordered schools to reduce both the amount and time needed for assignments.

04

(2022·辽宁·高一期末)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

Students at Dashui primary school in Xinjian town, Zunyi city, Guizhou province, set up ___14___rock band to realize their musical dreams, thanks ___15___ China\’s \”double reduction\” policies to reduce the heavy burden on students.

On Nov 9, students and teachers of the school ___16___ (cheerful)enjoyed the band\’s ___17___(perform)at the playground.

The band, ___18___ was set up in October, is made up of seven students from different grades, with a vocalist, a drummer, a keyboardist, a bass player ___19___ three guitarists.

\”Their talent and dreams are likely ___20___(give)them wings that could drive them to fly away from the mountains,\” said Fan Biao, an instructor for the students, who graduated in 2019 and ___21___ (apply)to serve as a teacher in a special posting(派驻)at Dashui primary school.

\”Last term, the average score of our school ranked ___22___ (one)in the final exam of the primary school group in the county The facts have shown that students were motivated after ___23___(carry)out the `double reduction\’ policies,\” said Fan.

参考答案

1.D

2.A

3.B

4.C

【分析】

这是一篇说明文。本文主要介绍了我国现行义务教育阶段推行的旨在为学生减负的“双减”政策。

1.

细节理解题。根据第一段的“Students have less homework, and their parents no longer need to correct the homework of their children. At the same time, the number of after-school tutoring institutions (课外辅导机构) for primary and junior-high school students is reducing. (学生的家庭作业越来越少,他们的父母不再需要纠正孩子的家庭作业。与此同时,中小学生课后辅导机构的数量正在减少)”可知,自今年9月以来学生的学业负担变少了。故选D。

2.

推理判断题。根据第二段的“The policy is an important step in China’s boosting of more well-rounded education practices. In addition to providing compulsory education, China is also working to develop an education system that enables young people to create a moral, intellectual, physical and mental grounding. (这项政策是中国推进全面教育实践的重要一步。在提供义务教育的同时,中国还致力于发展一种教育体系,使年轻人能够在道德、智力、身体和精神上打下基础)”推知,全面教育就是在多方面培养学生。故选A。

3.

推理判断题。根据第一段的“Known as the “double reduction” policy (双减政策), the guidelines were issued at the end of July, and took effect this semester.(该指导方针被称为“双减价”政策,于7月底发布,并于本学期生效)”,第二段的“The policy is an important step in China’s boosting of more well-rounded education practices.(这项政策是中国推进全面教育实践的重要一步)”,第三段的“The policy of easing study burden aims to help education recover its essential purpose(减轻学习负担的政策旨在帮助教育恢复其基本目的) ”和最后一段的“The policy may bring back well-rounded education(这项政策可能会带来全面的教育)”推知,作者写这篇文章的目的是介绍“双减”政策。故选B

4.

推理判断题。根据文章的主要内容可知,本文主要介绍了我国现行义务教育阶段推行的旨在为学生减负的“双减”政策。由此推知,这篇文章最有可能出现在教育杂志上。故选C。

5.A

6.D

7.A

8.C

【分析】

本文是一篇新闻报道。文章主要介绍“双减”政策落地的原因、政策规定及家长反应。

5.

推理判断题。根据文章第一段“Sun Ruifeng, a mother in Beijing, changed some of her plans for her 8-year-old son’s summer vacation.(北京一位名叫孙瑞峰的母亲改变了她8岁儿子的一些暑假计划。)”和第二段“Sun’s choice is part of the result of the government’s growing efforts to lighten the academic pressure on young students.On July 24, Chinese authorities introduced a guideline to ease the burden of too much homework and off-campus tutoring for primary and junior high school students.(孙的选择是政府为减轻年轻学生的学习压力而不断努力的结果。7月24日,教育部出台了一项指导方针,以减轻中小学生过多家庭作业和校外辅导的负担)”可推断,文章第一段的作用是引入“双减”政策的话题。故选A。

6.

细节理解题。根据文章第二段“Sun’s choice is part of the result of the government’s growing efforts to lighten the academic pressure on young students.(孙的选择是政府为减轻年轻学生的学习压力而不断努力的结果。)”可知,政府减轻学业压力的努力促成了孙瑞峰的选择。故选D。

7.

细节理解题。根据文章第三段“The moves aim to bring education back as public welfare and guide the educational training industry to focus on improving students’ all-round quality, Chen Xianzhe, a professor at South China Normal University, told Xinhua. (华南师范大学教授陈先哲在接受新华社采访时表示,这些举措旨在让教育回归公益,引导教育培训行业专注于提高学生的全面素质。)”可知,根据指导方针,辅导机构可以设计适合学生全面素质的课程。故选A。

8.

推理判断题。根据文章第四段“This has led to many social problems such as students’ falling levels of physical fitness, more mental health problems and huge family costs, said Chu Zhaohui, a senior researcher with the National Institute of Education Sciences. (国家教育科学研究所高级研究员储朝晖表示,这已经导致了许多社会问题,如学生体质下降、更多的心理健康问题和巨大的家庭成本。)”及全文可推断,长远来看,“双减”政策会让学生们的身心比以前更健康。故选C。

9.G

10.E

11.F

12.B

13.A

【分析】

本文是新闻报道。本文主要介绍了中国政府颁布的“双减”政策和政策实施后的效果。

9.

根据上文“China Central Television reported that 33,000 arts and sports stores were launched in just over a month after the government published its “Double Reduction” document in late July. (中国中央电视台报道,在政府7月底发布“双减”文件后,仅一个多月内,就有3.3万家艺术和体育商店开业。)”可知,上文介绍的是“双减”政策,G项意为“它禁止在周末和节假日进行学术辅导,并命令学校减少作业的数量和所需的时间。”选项能够承接上文,选项中的“It”代指上文的““Double Reduction” document”,具体介绍了什么是“双减”政策。故选G。

10.

根据上文“Some China’s school children are short-sighted and nearly one in five between the ages of 6-17 is overweight or obese, National Health Commission data show. (国家卫生委员会的数据显示,中国的一些学龄儿童近视,在6-17岁之间,近五分之一的儿童超重或肥胖。)”可知,上文介绍的是中国学龄儿童的不健康的现象,E项意为“因此,政府计划在五年内增加近2000万人参加定期锻炼。”选项与上文构成因果关系,正是因为学龄儿童的不健康的现象,所以中国政府决定让更多的人参加定期锻炼。故选E。

11.

根据上文“Some schools are providing ice and snow sports optional courses for students. (一些学校为学生提供冰雪运动选修课。)”可知,上文是对学校为学生提供的体育锻炼的举例,F项意为“一些学校正在组织各种体育比赛,如跳绳比赛、篮球、羽毛球、排球比赛等。”选项能够承接上文,也是对学校为学生提供的体育锻炼的举例,学校会组织体育比赛,如跳绳比赛、篮球、羽毛球、排球比赛等。故选F。

12.

根据下文“A 39-year-old mother, who accompanies her son to the park nearby jogging every Sunday after his son finishes homework shortly after the company that provided his math tuition was shut down. (一位39岁的母亲,在为儿子提供数学辅导的公司关闭后不久,在儿子完成家庭作业后,每个周日都会陪儿子去附近的公园慢跑。)”可知,下文举例说明“双减”政策后,学生增加了课后锻炼的时间,B项意为“双减政策也给学生放学后锻炼的时间。”选项能够引起下文,下文正是对“双减”政策给学生放学后锻炼的时间的举例说明。故选B。

13.

根据上文“China’s Tiger moms used to find classes after school to give our children an advantage in the intensely competitive education. (中国的“虎妈”们过去常常在放学后找班,让我们的孩子在竞争激烈的教育中占据优势。)”可知,上文介绍了中国的“虎妈”们过去执着于让孩子参加课外辅导,A项意为“但现在,她们不会再只是为了给孩子们找点事做就让孩子参加课外辅导班了。”选项与上文构成转折关系,中国的“虎妈”们过去常常在放学后给孩子找辅导班,但现在,“双减”政策后,她们不会再这样做了。故选A。

14.a

15.to

16.cheerfully

17.performance

18.which

19.and

20.to give

21.applied

22.first

23.carrying

【分析】

这是一篇新闻报道。文章主要讲述了由于中国的“双减”政策来减轻了学生的沉重负担,贵州省遵义市新建镇大水小学的学生成立了摇滚乐队来实现他们的音乐梦想。

14.

考查冠词。句意:贵州省遵义市新建镇大水小学的学生们组建了一支摇滚乐队来实现他们的音乐梦想,这要归功于中国的“双减价”政策,以减轻学生的沉重负担。根据句意可知,大水小学的学生们组建了一支摇滚乐队,所以空处需要不定冠词,空后为辅音音素开始的单词,所以要用不定冠词a。故填a。

15.

考查固定短语。句意:贵州省遵义市新建镇大水小学的学生们组建了一支摇滚乐队来实现他们的音乐梦想,这要归功于中国的“双减价”政策,以减轻学生的沉重负担。根据句意可知,本空考查短语thanks to “多亏”,后加名词。故填to。

16.

考查副词。句意:11月9日,学校师生在操场上兴高采烈地欣赏乐队的表演。分析句子结构可知,空处修饰动词enjoyed,所以要用副词。故填cheerfully。

17.

考查名词。句意:11月9日,学校师生在操场上兴高采烈地欣赏乐队的表演。根据空前的名词所有格可知,空处需要名词。perform为动词“表演”,其名词为performance。故填performance。

18.

考查定语从句。句意:该乐队成立于10月,由7名不同年级的学生组成,包括一名歌手、一名鼓手、一名键盘手、一名贝司手和三名吉他手。分析句子结构可知,_____ was set up in October为定语从句,修饰先行词the band,为物,先行词在非限定性定语从句中做主语。故填which。

19.

考查连词。句意:该乐队成立于10月,由7名不同年级的学生组成,包括一名歌手、一名鼓手、一名键盘手、一名贝司手和三名吉他手。根据空前的 “a vocalist, a drummer, a keyboardist, a bass player ”和空后的“guitarists”可知,需要并列连词把这几词连起来。故填and。

20.

考查固定结构。句意:“他们的天赋和梦想很可能会给他们翅膀,让他们飞离群山,”学生导师范彪说,他于2019年毕业,并申请在大水小学的一个特殊职位上担任教师。根据句意可知,本题考查固定短语be likely to do sth. “可能做某事”。故填to give。

21.

考查时态。句意:“他们的天赋和梦想很可能会给他们翅膀,让他们飞离群山,”学生导师范彪说,他于2019年毕业,并申请在大水小学的一个特殊职位上担任教师。分析句子结构可知,and连接两个谓语动词,根据graduated可知,句子为一般过去时态。故填applied。

22.

考查序数词。句意:上学期,我们学校的平均成绩在该县小学组的期末考试中排名第一。根据句意可知,该校的平均成绩排名第一,所以空处要用序数词。故填first。

23.

考查非谓语动词。句意:事实表明,学生们在执行‘双减’政策后受到了激励。分析句子结构可知,本空前的after为介词,所以需要用动名词做宾语。故填carrying。

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